Associate the phenomenon of biological reproduction to the laws of Planck’s constant?
Reproduction in living beings born from random changes, so called mutations, that allowed you to create differences from one generation to another.
Starting from the statistics that show the rate of mutations, such as the famous “laws” of Mendel on heredity of characters, which provides for the lack of “intermediate states” between a mutation and the next, you can find direct analogies with quantum theory.
In other words? reproduction and inheritance laws are quantum effects.
The reproduction requires a growth, and itself as a complex phenomenon needs that there is first a sort of internal metabolism as in biological living beings.
Metabolism is a process that is created from chemicals that need to be processed, split, modified, assembled, etc. and so it is a quantum process, because it can harness the energy present in from wiring materials, to achieve the growth process of the organism, develop hormonal exchanges, heal wounds and allow the phenomenon of reproduction.
In order to reproduce, living things must move through a self-directed pattern, like a car would do if we organize his self-directed movement.
The machines have not, however, the burden of growing. But even if they do not grow they still need their fuel to keep running their metabolic processes.
All machines are based on quantum effects.
So after this speech, we arrive to the point I wanted to emphasize: the simpler the processes of reproduction, growth, and movement, the better will be the effectiveness of the internal metabolism onto the reference system.
People do not wonder enough about the potential of insects, on tasks they run with extreme precision for their own survival and the one of the community to which they belong. Actually insects act by manic accuracy; we can say in colloquial terms.
The robotics experts are based on organisms found in nature to bring forth their design and implementation of intelligent systems that seek to trace, on the basis of complex and modular systems, the biological processes of their living models.
In recent years, thanks to increased scientific attention to mechanical laws that are the basis of the complexity of biological systems (see. Swarn collection) the Italian robotics and engineering team that works on that, are becoming experts defining the state of the miniaturization.
The upper miniaturization that belong to living beings, compared to the machines ‘human-built‘, is the constant inspiration and source of comparison to develop an efficient construction. The efficiency has four main aspects:
- In the structure of living things, everything is connected to everything.
- Each part affects the other: the four processes at the base of a life, i.e. metabolism, mechanical, hormonal and electrical, are interwoven in space and time. For example, in the human breathing it helps digestion; the liquid within the brain is pumped through the bone marrow enclosed in the spine; a single hormone affects many chemical processes.
- All parts of a living system retain more of an active role. For example, the bones are our backbone and at the same time the factory of blood; fingernails allow us to have a protection from foreign materials and chemicals, and a tool for our operations and daily skills, and shed chemical waste. And everything is aimed at constant adjustments under the environment of which he is part, and which helps to shape its own activities.
- The simplest living beings due to their design are an example of efficient miniaturization, precisely because they are based on clear quantum effects.
In other words, every single function of living beings is based on a quantum of action. The latter is also known as Planck’s constant, indicated with h. This physics constant shows us how the basic physical quantities does not develop continuously, but are quantized, being able to hire only multiple values compared to their initial constant.
And here we find our thread of the discourse, on the basis of the basic laws of quantum theory, which reminds us of our limited ability to build an artificial object similar to a living studying its laws related to metabolism. Since an exact copy would be incompatible (and really hard to create!) with the concept of ‘quantum of action’ defined by Plank.
But watch out, we must not think that this limitation is a disadvantage: a similar, and imperfect copy of the real is all you need for life. In fact, as pointed out by Darwin himself imperfection is essential for biological evolution, and thus for change and specialization we are interested in studying and deepening.